For Immediate Release Friday, September 7, 2012
Heart catheter procedures guided by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are as safe as X-ray-guided procedures and take no more time, according to a pilot study conducted at the National Institutes of Health. The results of the study indicate that real-time MRI-guided catheterization could be a radiation-free alternative to certain X-ray-guided procedures.
A report of the study, which was conducted by researchers within the intramural program of the NIHs National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), is available on-line in the European Heart Journal.
“This could be the first chapter of a huge story,” stated Robert S. Balaban, Ph.D., scientific director of the NHLBI’s Division of Intramural Research. “It provides evidence that clinical heart catheter procedures are possible without using radiation, which could be especially valuable in areas such as pediatrics.”
MRI creates photos of internal tissues using magnetic fields, unlike X-ray which uses ionizing radiation. In general X-ray fluoroscopy photos have higher resolution but less detail than MRI pictures.
The research team performed transfemoral catheterization (guiding a catheter from the massive vein in the leg to the heart) in 16 patients to analyze the right side of the heart, including the attached veins and the pulmonary arteries. The study volunteers all needed catheterization for heart and valve disease. The researchers performed the procedure in the 16 patients using X-ray guidance, and then repeated it twice using real-time MRI guidance of a balloon-tipped catheter filled with air or with a contrast agent.
The MRI and X-ray catheterizations were successful in 15 of the 16 participants. One patient had required the use of a wire to help guide the catheter under X-ray, and currently no guidewires are available that work under an MRI.
The average procedure time for the two approaches was comparable — about 20 minutes. The team expected the MRI-guided procedure to take much longer because an MRI-compatible catheter can be harder to see in an MRI-generated image than a conventional steel catheter can be in an X-ray-generated image.
“Developing safe and conspicuous catheter devices for MRI is the chief obstacle to overcome before this approach can be widely applied at hospitals,” stated study lead Robert J. Lederman, M.D., a senior investigator in the NHLBI’s Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Branch. “But with improved tools and further improvement of the procedure, real-time MRI catheterization may become a realistic option for many people.”
Lederman’s research group is still performing MRI catheterization on additional patients, and is currently designing improved catheters and other tools that will be more visible under MRI to help move this technology forward. In addition to guiding catheter procedures, the NHLBI team also hopes to use MRI to guide non-surgical catheter treatments in the future.
This study was funded by NHLBI Division of Intramural Research allows Z01-HL005062-08, Z01-HL006039-01, Z01-HL006041-01, and Z01-HL006061-01. More information about this clinical study can be found at http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01287026
Part of the National Institutes of Health, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) plans, conducts, and supports research related to the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of heart, blood vessel, lung, and blood diseases; and sleep disorders. The Institute also administers national health education campaigns on women and heart disease, healthy weight for children, and other topics. NHLBI press releases and other materials are available on-line at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov.
About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal bureau conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.
NIH…Turning Discovery Into Health ®
- Astellas, Ambit announce results from quizartinib Phase 2 study on acute myeloid leukemia
- Impact of Medicaid expansion would vary by state, according to study
- Fish, But Not Fish Oil Supplements, May Shield Against Stroke
- Antidepressant eases radiation-related mouth pain in head, neck cancer
- Study: More Birth Defects with In Vitro
- Antidepressants and Stroke
- Vaccine Safety
- Children and CT Concerns
- Study: Hint of Benefit for Alzheimer’s Drug
- Study provides direct evidence for persistent activity in medial entorhinal cortex layer neurons
Submited at Sunday, September 9th, 2012 at 4:15 pm on Uncategorized by samantha
Comment RSS 2.0 - leave a comment - trackback